What Does the Bethsora of Yahusha Have to Say About Polygyny? Do the Scriptures Forbid Polygyny? Did it Ever Forbid it?

What does the Bethsora of Yahusha say about polygyny? Answer these 16 questions to find out!

Polygynist – A man with two or more wives.

Polygamist – Someone who is married to two or more people at the same time.

1. Which of the following statements are true?

A. AndAnd Sarai, Abram’s wife, had borne him no child. And she had a Mitsrite female servant whose name was Hagar. And Sarai said to Abram, “See, Behold Nail Behold Hand =YAHUAH has kept me from bearing children. Please, go in to my female servant. it might be that I am built up by her.” And Abram listened to the voice of Sarai. And Sarai, Abram’s wife, took Hagar her female servant, the Mitsrite, and gave her to her husband Abram to be his wife, after Abram had dwelt ten years in the land of Kena’an.

B. “And Dawid took him more concubines and wives from Yerushalayim, after he had come from Hebron, and more sons and daughters were born to Dawid.”

C. “Then Nathan said to Dawid, “You are the man! Thus said Behold Nail Behold Hand =YAHUAH Elohim of Yisra’el, ‘I anointed you sovereign over Yisra’el and I delivered you from the hand of Sha’ul. I gave you your master’s house and your master’s wives into your bosom and gave you the house of Yisra’el and Yahudah. And if that were not enough, I also would have given you much more!”

D. “Then Behold Nail Behold Hand =YAHUAH said to me, “Go again. love a woman loved by a friend and an adulteress, according to the love of Behold Nail Behold Hand =YAHUAH for the children of Yisra’el, though they are turning to other mighty ones and love their raisin cakes.”

E. “And Gideon had threescore and ten sons of his body begotten: for he had many wives.”

2. Which of the following statements are false?

A. “When you go out to fight against your enemies and Behold Nail Behold Hand =YAHUAH your Elohim shall give them into your hand and you shall take them captive, and shall see among the captives a woman fair of form and shall delight in her and take her for your wife, then you shall bring her home to your house and she shall shave her head and trim her nails, and put aside the mantle of her captivity and shall dwell in your house and mourn her father and her mother a month of days. And after that you shall go in to her and be her husband and she shall be your wife. And is shall be, if you are not pleased with here, then you shall let her go at her desire, but do not sell her at all for silver.”

B. When a man has two wives, one loved and the other unloved and they have borne him children, both the loved and the unloved and the first-born son is of her who is unloved, then it shall be, on the day he makes his sons to inherit his possessions, he is not allowed to treat the son of the beloved wife as the first-born in the face of the son of the unloved, who is truly the first-born. But he is to acknowledge the son of the unloved wife as the first-born by giving him a double portion of all that he has, for he is the beginning of his strength — the right of the first-born is his.

C. “That night Jacob got up and took his two wives, his two maidservants and his eleven sons and crossed the ford of the Jabbok.”

D. “Elkanah had two wives, Hannah and Peninnah. Peninnah had children, but Hannah did not.”

E. “Thou shalt not take unto thyself but one wife, accepting the wisdom that a man married to more than one woman at a time is against nature itself.”

3. Approximately how many leaders of Israel or prominent figures in the bible were polygynists?

A.  About 7

B. About 17

C. About 23

D. About 30

E. About 40

4. Did YHWH ever condemn people in the bible for practicing polygynism or for being polygynists?

A. Yes. He did this many times in both the Old and New Testaments against many people.

B. Yes, but only a few times in the Old Testament.

C. Yes, but only against David in the Old Testament.

D. Yes, but only concerning those who seek and hold positions in the New Testament church that apparently need devotion to their duties against which many wives and children would hinder their attention to those duties to the body of Yahusha Messiah.

E. No.

5. Which of the following leaders of Israel were polygynists?

A. Abraham

B.  Jacob/Israel

C. Moses

D. Gideon

E. David

6. Which one of the following polygynists wrote the book of Genesis which Yahusha Messiah used to clarify that marriage between a man and a women was really like unto becoming “one flesh?”

A. Abraham

B. Moses

C. Solomon

D. Jacob

E. Gideon

7. If YHWH in fact has always considered polygyny sin, then why did YHWH wait until David had taken the wife of ANOTHER man until He spoke out?

A. Because David had the man’s husband sent to the front lines in the war to be killed (AKA murdered), YHWH had to finally speak out against polygyny.

B. Because David was loved by YHWH, Elohim let him have more women than anyone else could have, but he couldn’t have someone else’s wife to marry.

C. YHWH told David many times to divorce all his wives except his first one.

D. YHWH let David have many wives and concubines because the culture at that time allowed it, but YHWH’s law and the culture back then didn’t allow for the taking of another man’s wife.

E. YHWH said David was a man after YHWH own heart. And since polygyny is sanctioned by YHWH, then Elohim pleased with David and would have given him even more wives — if that pleased David. But, under no circumstances could YHWH allow David to take another man’s wife. 

8. Where in the Besorah (Good News) of Yahusha does it ever explicitly say that men cannot have more than one wife at a time?

A. YHWH surely never condemned those who followed His instructions on sexuality and marriage of the approximately 40 leaders and prominent figures in the Scriptures who were polygynists.

C. Polygyny is allowed both in the Old Testament under Moses’ Law, and by the Apostle Paul’s instructions about marriage and remarriage in the book of 1 Corinthians, where he in no way disallowed polygamy, but, instead, instructed ONLY the women believers to be reconciled back to their husbands — whether their husbands were believers or not, or whether they remarried again.

D. The standard had already been set in the  Law of Moses in Leviticus chapter 18 verse 18 where it says this: “The nakedness of a woman and her daughter you do not uncover, not do you take her son’s daughter or her daughter’s daughter, to uncover her nakedness. They are here relatives — it is wickedness. And do not take a woman as a rival to her sister, to uncover her nakedness while the other is alive.”

E. The leaders of the Assembly of Yahusha Messiah could not have more than one wife, so by extension this rule pertains to the rest of the body of Yahusha Messiah, also.

9. Why do the Scriptures say women are bound to their husbands as long as the husband lives both in the New and Old Covenants, but men are NOT bound to their wives as long as the wife lives?

A. Because the head of the man is not the woman and the head of the woman is not Yahusha (Messiah). Therefore, a man takes a wife to marry so they become one flesh, even taking another and they also will become one flesh. But two or more men cannot be one flesh with one woman, since there is two or more heads and only one body, which leads to chaos, of which YHWH is not the author of.

B. Because some things are implied, knowing that by searching in between the lines, we conclude that a man is also bound to his wife as long as the wife lives.

C. Because men are stronger and so we can force women to do this, but we cannot force men to do this.

D. Because men are irresponsible, therefore they cannot be bound like women are bound to the first man they married.

E. The Scriptures clearly says BOTH the man and the woman are bound to each other as long as either one lives.

10. If YHWH is against polygyny, why did Yahusha Ha’Mashiach talk about the Kingdom of Heaven being like unto a Groom waiting to come and get His TEN virgins to marry?

A. It’s only a parable, don’t read anything else into it.

B. Because it sounded really good.

C. Since people lived under polygyny since just around the time of Adam and Eve, they could easily understand this parable.

D. Both A and B.

E. It was a really poor choice of words on Yahusha’s part.

11. What does the word “adultery” mean in Hebrew?

A. “woman that breaketh wedlock”

B. “people who breaketh wedlock”

C. “man or woman who breaketh wedlock”

D. It means whoremonger.

E. It means only adults can be guilty of adultery.

12. Why didn’t Yahuah speak out strongly to all the leaders of Israel and let them know that polygyny was not going to be tolerated any longer, and punish people for practicing polygyny?

A. Since YHWH didn’t speak out forcefully at the beginning, that silence by definition caused YHWH to allow it until the New Covenant Assemblies were established.

B. Because it never was sin, and is not now a sin to be married to more than one wife if the situation doesn’t violate Paul’s instructions on marriage  and remarriage found in 1 Corinthians.

C. YHWH condemned this practice when David took too many wives.

D. YHWH has consistently condemned the practice of polygyny in both the New and Old covenants.

E. The Old Covenant was replaced with the Holy Spirit of YHWH which tells us that polygyny is wrong.

13. Which of the following are true about the story of the Jew named Esther, who married a polygynist king?

A. And Memucan answered before the king and the princes, Vashti the queen hath not done wrong to the king only, but also to all the princes, and to all the people that in all the provinces of the king Ahasuerus.

B. For deed of the queen shall come abroad unto all women, so that they shall despise their husbands in their eyes, when it shall be reported, The king Ahasuerus commanded Vashti the queen to be brought in before him, but she came not.

C. If it please the king, let there go a royal commandment from him, and let it be written among the laws of the Persians and the Medes, that it be not altered, That Vashti come no more before king Ahasuerus; and let the king give her royal estate unto another that is better than she.

D. And when the king’s decree which he shall make shall be published throughout all his empire, (for it is great,) all the wives shall give to their husbands honour, both to great and small.

E. For he sent letters into all the king’s provinces, into every province according to the writing thereof, and to every people after their language, that every man should bear rule in his own house, and that should be published according to the language of every people.

14. The book of Esther is about a woman who was replaced as queen by a Jew that ultimately saved the Jews from extinction in the land of king Ahasuerus. Why isn’t there any condemnation from YHWH in this book concerning the fact that Esther married a man who was a polygynist?

A. Since polygyny is condemned throughout the bible, there may not have been a need to point this out in this book or anywhere else in particular in the set-apart Scriptures.

B. Polygyny was allowed for the Jews if the people who were ruling over the Jews allowed such customs.

C. Polygyny was only allowed in situations concerning foreign kings who ruled over the Jews, but not allowed for anyone else.

D. Although the Old Covenant allowed for some to practice polygyny, most were forbidden to practice this custom.

E. Since the Old Covenant allowed polygyny, this situation would not have been condemned by YHWH.

15. Which of the following was the result of the polygynist relationship between queen Esther and king Ahasuerus?

A. Then the king said, Hang him thereon. So they hanged Haman on the gallows that he had prepared for Mordecai. Then was the king’s wrath pacified.

B. And the king took off his ring, which he had taken from Haman, and gave it unto Mordecai. And Esther set Mordecai over the house of Haman.

C. And in every province, and in every city, whithersoever the king’s commandment and his decree came, the Jews had joy and gladness, a feast and a good day. And many of the people of the land became Jews; for the fear of the Jews fell upon them.

D. And all the rulers of the provinces, and the lieutenants, and the deputies, and officers of the king, helped the Jews; because the fear of Mordecai fell upon them.

E. Thus the Jews smote all their enemies with the stroke of the sword, and slaughter, and destruction, and did what they would unto those that hated them.

15. What did Mordecai say to Esther the queen who was in a polygynist marriage to the king of Persia?

A. He warned her that YHWH was angry with her for marrying king Ahasuerus, the polygynist.

B. He told her that she was needed in this position to save the Jews from extinction, but that she was to leave the king once the situation had been remedied in the Jews favor.

C. He told her she must not have any sexual contact of any kind with the king unless the king divorced all the rest of his wives and got rid of his many concubines.

D. He was evil at that time so he allowed Esther to do as she pleased, not caring that Esther was going to Hell for marrying a polygynist.

E. He told her that if she kept quiet about the edict concerning the destruction of the Jews in the kingdom, another would come to save the Jews, but her and her father’s house would be destroyed, and she might be in the position she’s in for the very reason of helping to save the Jews.

16. What were YHWH’s prophesies concerning the two sons of Abraham, one of which was born to Sarah, and the other to Hagar, whom Sarah gave to her husband to marry to bear children through?

A. Through Isaac’s seed would come the future Messiah and nations would be blessed, while Ishmael would be a wild man whose hand would be against every man and every man’s hand against him, with a great nation coming through his seed.

B. YHWH condemned the marriage and told Hagar to flee from the polygynist Abraham and his enabling wife Sarah and go into another land, where YHWH would bless her with another husband and great wealth, but her seed would be cursed for committing adultery with another woman’s husband, while Isaac’s seed would still be blessed.

C. YHWH scolded Sarah for setting up the marriage and then cursed both the seeds of Isaac and Ishmael, for YHWH could not condone polygyny.

D. YHWH never said anything good nor bad about the polygamist arrangement, but blessed both childrens’ seed equally.

E. The scriptures are silent on this issue.


1. A, B, C, D and E.

2. None.

3. E.

4. D.

5. A, B, C, D, E.

6. B.

7. E.

8. C.

9. A.

10. C.

11. A.

12. B.

13. A, B, C, D, E.

14. A, B, C, D, E.

15. E.

16. A.

Biblical Polygamy.com – place to understand the Scriptural reasons for polygyny

Pro-Polygamy.com – place that informs media of polygyny

NewScientist – Reasearch shows polygynists live longer

WORLDFOCUS – Is polygyny good for women?

Australasian Science – Polygyny history found in non-coding DNA

BNET – Polygyny Africa

PDF – Monogamy and polygyny in Greece, Rome and world history

The Perspective – Polygyny (Polygamy) is already a practice

TruthBearer.org – Polygyny history

Christian Polygamy INFO – The history of the recent “Movement” of polygyny

 Thanks for listening,